Farms and companies based on farms make up a substantial portion of the Indian economy. Consequently, assuming that farmers have a substantial economic impact is acceptable. They put a lot of effort to ensure we get the food and things we need.
Indian farmers are responsible for farming the greatest bulk of the food we consume daily, from wheat fields to rice paddies.
Farming is not a simple endeavour. It faces several difficulties, including water shortages and climate change. However, farmers manage these problems while producing food for the public. A programme like this has assisted the nation in lowering poverty and enhancing food security.
We’ll look at how farmers have accomplished this in this blog. So prepare to explore the world of Indian agriculture. We shall also discover more about the unsung heroes who provide for the needs of our country.
Importance of Farmers in Food Security
After China, India produces the second-largest amount of food globally, home to more than 1.3 billion people. With such a large population, the nation faces a serious issue in guaranteeing food security. Moreover, almost 50% of Indians are working in agriculture, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. This demonstrates the sector’s importance to the Indian economy and farmers’ role in securing global food security.
In India, a wide variety of crops are raised by farmers. Furthermore, the wide range of crops raised in the nation has contributed to the developing of a strong and varied food system, which is crucial for food security. The Green Revolution, which started in the 1960s, boosted agricultural output and ensured the nation’s food security.
Moreover, farmers in India are in charge of protecting the nation’s biodiversity. They accomplish this by growing local crops. They are essential for preserving seed variety. Because seed variety is required for the food chain to be viable. Agriculture in India fundamentally depends on the knowledge and abilities that farmers have inherited from their ancestors.
Issues that Farmers Face
Notwithstanding their substantial contribution to the food system, Indian farmers have difficulties guaranteeing the nation’s food security.
With more frequent extreme weather events like floods, droughts, and heat waves, climate change threatens Indian agriculture. Crop failure may result from these occurrences.
Land deterioration is another difficulty. Reduced soil fertility can lower crop production due to overuse of the land, soil erosive processes, and deforestation.
In many areas of the nation, where farmers rely on rain-fed agriculture for a living, water shortage is a serious problem.
The government is working on mitigating all of these issues. For instance, the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana is a programme that combats climate change and assists farmers in better managing it.
The National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture programme is designed to mitigate land degradation. Several schemes for soil conservation and reclamation are also coming up.
Also, the government addresses the water shortage through the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana.
The Indian government has implemented various programmes to support farmers and enhance their access to financing, technology, and markets. The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) is an example of an initiative providing income support to small and marginal farmers. Eligible farmers under this programme receive three instalments amounting to Rs. 6,000 annually. Additionally, the government has launched multiple projects to improve farmers’ access to financing.
The Kisan Credit Card (KCC) scheme provides farmers with access to low-interest financing. They can buy crops, livestock, and tractors as well. So in case you are looking to buy a Kubota mu 5501, getting the KCC would be a great idea. Similarly, the National Agricultural Market (e-NAM) platform created by the government enhances farmers’ market access. This enables them to sell their produce throughout the country.
Impact of Technology
Indian farmers are owning the fields with technology these days. They use mobile phones to get weather reports, market prices, and expert advice. Basically, technology is making their jobs a lot more easy when compared to when it was not there.
Sensors, drones, and GPS technology also come in handy more often than not, to monitor crop health and productivity. It’s called precision agriculture, and it’s changing the game, folks.
But wait, there’s more! Farmers are making the shift to modern farming machinery too. They’re using compact equipment like power tillers and mini tractors to make their lives easier and improve their efficiency. They’re using machines filled to the brim with the latest tech, like the Indo Farm Tractor. No more backbreaking manual labour!
And let’s not forget about biotechnology. With that, they’re able to grow high-yielding crop varieties like wheat and rice that are resistant to pests and diseases.
To infer, farmers have contributed to Indian food security in no small amount. Of course, with the help of government and powered by tech, they are moving forward at lightning pace. Their productivity is improving, and as a result, their livelihoods.